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Military - Oceania (Australia)

Australian Military
New Zealand Military

Military - other countries on the Australian continent


Small nations and crown dependencies

American Samoa
Dependency status: unincorporated and unorganized territory of the US; administered by the Office of Insular Affairs, US Department of the Interior Independence: none (territory of the US)
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the US

Baker Island
Dependency status: unincorporated territory of the US; administered from Washington, DC, by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge system
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the US; visited annually by the US Coast Guard

Cook Islands
Dependency status: self-governing in free association with New Zealand; Cook Islands is fully responsible for internal affairs; New Zealand retains responsibility for external affairs, in consultation with the Cook Islands
Government type: self-governing parliamentary democracy
Independence: none (became self-governing in free association with New Zealand on 4 August 1965 and has the right at any time to move to full independence by unilateral action)
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of New Zealand, in consultation with the Cook Islands and at its request

Coral Sea Islands
Dependency status: territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Department of the Environment, Sport, and Territories
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of Australia; visited regularly by the Royal Australian Navy; Australia has control over the activities of visitors

Howland Island
Dependency status: unincorporated territory of the US; administered from Washington, DC, by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge system
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the US; visited annually by the US Coast Guard

Jarvis Island
Dependency status: unincorporated territory of the US; administered from Washington, DC, by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge system
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the US; visited annually by the US Coast Guard

Johnston Atoll
Dependency status: unincorporated territory of the US; administered from Washington, DC, by Pacific Air Forces, Hickam AFB, and the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge system
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the US

Kingman Reef
Dependency status: unincorporated territory of the US; administered from Washington, DC, by the US Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of the Interior
Note: on 1 September 2000, the Department of the Interior accepted restoration of its administrative jurisdiction over Kingman Reef from the Department of the Navy; Executive Order 3223 signed 18 January 2001 established Kingman Reef National Wildlife Refuge to be administered by the Director, US Fish and Wildlife Service; this refuge is managed to protect the terrestrial and aquatic wildlife of Kingman Reef out to the twelve nautical mile territorial sea limit
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the US

Marshall Islands, www.bikiniatoll.com
Government type: constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 21 October 1986
Independence: 21 October 1986 (from the US-administered UN trusteeship)
Military branches: no regular military forces (a coast guard may be established); Police Force
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the US

Midway Islands
Dependency status: unincorporated territory of the US; formerly administered from Washington, DC, by the US Navy, under Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Pacific Division; this facility has been operationally closed since 10 September 1993; on 31 October 1996, through a presidential executive order, the jurisdiction and control of the atoll was transferred to the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge system
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the US

Nauru
Government type: republic
Independence: 31 January 1968 (from the Australia-, NZ-, and UK-administered UN trusteeship)
Military branches: no regular armed forces; Directorate of the Nauru Police Force
Military - note: Nauru maintains no defense forces; under an informal agreement, defense is the responsibility of Australia

Niue
Dependency status: self-governing in free association with New Zealand; Niue fully responsible for internal affairs; New Zealand retains responsibility for external affairs
Independence: on 19 October 1974, Niue became a self-governing parliamentary government in free association with New Zealand
Military branches: Police Force
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of New Zealand

Norfolk Island
Dependency status: territory of Australia; Canberra administers Commonwealth responsibilities on Norfolk Island through the Department of Environment, Sport, and Territories
Independence: none (territory of Australia)
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of Australia

Northern Mariana Islands
Dependency status: commonwealth in political union with the US; federal funds to the Commonwealth administered by the US Department of the Interior, Office of Insular Affairs
Government type: commonwealth; self-governing with locally elected governor, lieutenant governor, and legislature
Independence: none (commonwealth in political union with the US)
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the US

Palau
Government type: constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 1 October 1994
Independence: 1 October 1994 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship)
Military branches: NA
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the US; under a Compact of Free Association between Palau and the US, the US military is granted access to the islands for 50 years

Palmyra Atoll
Dependency status: incorporated territory of the US; privately owned, but administered from Washington, DC, by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the US

Pitcairn Islands
Dependency status: overseas territory of the UK
Government type: NA
Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the UK

Samoa
Government type: constitutional monarchy under native chief
Independence: 1 January 1962 (from New Zealand-administered UN trusteeship)
Military branches: no regular armed services; Samoa Police Force
Military - note: Samoa has no formal defense structure or regular armed forces; informal defense ties exist with NZ, which is required to consider any Samoan request for assistance under the 1962 Treaty of Friendship

Tokelau
Dependency status: self-administering territory of New Zealand; note - Tokelauans are drafting a constitution, developing institutions and patterns of self-government as Tokelau moves toward free association with New Zealand
Independence: none (territory of New Zealand)
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of New Zealand

Wake Island
Dependency status: unincorporated territory of the US; administered from Washington, DC, by the Department of the Interior; activities on the island are managed by the US Army under a US Air Force permit
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the US

Wallis and Futuna
Dependency status: overseas territory of France
Independence: none (overseas territory of France)
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of France


Source of information on the small nations/crown dependencies: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
The links to websites of small nations/crown dependencies are partially obtained from http://www.gksoft.com/govt/en/index.html
and http://www.library.northwestern.edu/govpub/resource/internat/foreign.html

Tip: Are you looking for someone who is or was in the US Military? Please check out my FAQ on how to find (former) military personnel. Or you might want to get an overview of databases and military locators

Similar pages:

Military Australia
US Army








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